NEUROMUSCULAR ELECTRICAL STIMULATION (NMES)
Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is the application of a low-level electrical current which results in a muscle contraction. This is achieved by placing electrodes at the beginning and end of the muscle. These muscle contractions can be used to mimic strength training for animals that are non-weight bearing or have limited use of a muscle or muscle group. NMES is used to prevent atrophy post-surgery or injury, or to increase strength for muscles that have been chronically underutilized. NMES is commonly used in paretic dogs or dogs post-surgically before they are weight-bearing and during reeducation of ambulation.